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History -----------------------------01
 
Catalogue -------------------------02
 
Photo Gallery ---------------------03
 
Textile Industries ---------------04
 
Activities ---------------------------05
 
Surat -------------------------------06
 
 
 
 
 
  TEXTILE INDUSTRIES  
 
 
     
     
 
  Textile Industries
 
     
  Financial Institution
     
  Fabrics
     
  Other Information
     
  Annex-H
     
  Annex-V
     
  Annex-F3
     
  Annex-F4
     
  Annex-G
     
  Annex-B-1
     
  Annex-C
     
  Annex-D2
     
  Annex-E
     
  Annex-E1
     
  Annex-F2
     
  Annex-I
     
  Annex-II
     
  Annex-IV
     
  Annex-PI
     
  Benefit-A
     
  Calculation
     
  Identification of Yarns
     
  Eligible Machinery
     
  Annexure
     
  Identify Defects
     
  NCDC
     
  Powerloom
     
  Tuffs
     
  Upgradation
 
 
 
  Fabrics
   
  Woven fabrics are composed of two sets of threads
   
   
 
1. Longitudinal threads or warp threads (ends)
   
2. Transverse threads or weft threads (picks)
   
  These two set of threads are interaced with one another according to the class of structure & form of design desired.
   
  The weaving process is mainly consist of three basic operations.
   
 
1. Shedding :
   
  The seperation of warp thread in to upper and lower layers to form a shed or gaping through which weft can pass.
   
2. Picking :
   
  The insertion of weft threads through the shed.
   
3. Beating up :
   
  The carrying forward the lost inserted pick or weft to form cloth.
   
1. Warp left off :
   
  The determines the rate at which the warp thread is fed forward & the tension of the warp threads
   
2. The cloth take up :
   
  This decides the speed of cloth withdrawl & dencity of spacing of the weft picks in the cloth.
   
  The interlacement of the warp threads & weft threads are made in some basic manner. Some of them are as follows.
   
 
 
  • Plain weave
  •    
     
  • Matt weave
  •    
     
  • Twill weave
  •    
     
  • Satin weave
  •    
     
  • Crape weave
  •    
      Some times use of different weaves and different interlacement are used to form designs in fabric. This is done by used of Dobby & Jacquard.
       
      Normally dobby can operate 16 to 24 shafts or jacks while jacquard can make designs of 100, 200, 400, 600, 1200 shatfs or hooks.
       
      The fabrics are made from different threads. This threads are made from yarns mainly from two sources.
       
     
    Natural Sources Manmade Sources
    Cotton Regenerated Fibres Nylon
    Wool Viscose   Polyester
    Silk     Poly
          Propylene
      Liene etc. Acrylic etc.
       
      Yarns are made from short fibres. These fibres are set parallel & twisted to apart necessory strength. This type of yams are called spun yarns.
      Some yarns are made of continuous fine long fibres or filaments. This are called filament yams. The thickness of yam is
      measured in different ways for kg.
      Count: Tex , Denier
      Denier: wt. in gms of 9000 mts.
      Count: No. of Hanks of 840 yds. weighing
      (Cotton viscose) 1 - pound
      5315
      Count =denier `
      Tex. Wt. in gms of 100 mts.
      Worsted cound - No. of hanks of 560 yds.
      making 1 pound
       
      Woolen - No. of hanks of 256 yds. making 1 pound.
         
     
         
     
         
       
     
         
     
    History --------------------01 Photo Gallery -------------------03 Activities -------------------05
         
    Catalogue ----------------02 Textile Industries --------------04 Surat -----------------------06
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